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An Application That Backs Up Files To Cloud Storage Using Akka.NET

This application backs up zipped folders from a PC to a cloud storage location such as OneDrive and also backs up a log of operations. I created a version of this using conventional .NET code and then, as a learning exercise, I re-implemented it using Akka.NET.

I identify two types of folders - Regular folders and Visual Studio Project folders.

For the former I zip and then encrypt them before backing up (encryption technique omitted).

For the latter I create a zip with the bin and obj folders omitted and then back them up.

The input is from a text file, SourceFolderPaths.txt, that contains a list of fully qualified paths to folders that require backing up.


  • Akka.NET - A toolkit and runtime for building highly concurrent, distributed, and fault tolerant event-driven applications on .NET & Mono, based on the Actor Model of concurrency.
  • NLog - A free logging platform for .NET, Silverlight and Windows Phone with rich log routing and management capabilities.
  • ZipDiff - A utility for comparing the contents of 2 different zip files.
  • System.IO.Abstractions - A library for testing System.IO.


  • CloudBackupActor - Manages cloud backup from start to finish. Creates the other actors. Receives StartMessage, IncrementFolderCountMessage and StopMessage. Sends ZipMessage and BackupLogFilesMessage.
  • ZipActor - Manages zip operations on folders. Receives ZipMessage. Sends BackupMessage, IncrementFolderCountMessage, FolderChangesMessage and "no changes" message.
  • BackupActor - Backs up zip archive and log files to cloud storage. Receives BackupMessage and BackupLogFilesMessage. Sends IncrementFolderCountMessage and StopMessage.
  • BackupStatisticsActor - Logs statistics showing changes to folders. Receives FolderChangesMessage and "no changes" message.
  • StartMessage - Instruction to start actor processing.
  • StartedMessage - Indicates actor processing has started.
  • ZipMessage - Instruction to perform a zip operation.
  • IncrementFolderCountMessage - Instruction to increment the folder count after processing a folder with a specific kind of zip operation.
  • FolderCountIncrementedMessage - Indicates folder count has incremented, i.e., a folder has been processed.
  • FolderChangesMessage - Represents changes to files in a folder.
  • BackupMessage - Instruction for backing up a zip archive to cloud storage.
  • BackupLogFilesMessage - Instruction for backing up log files to cloud storage.
  • StopMessage - Instruction to stop actor processing.

Actors and Messages

  • Actor routing using a RoundRobinPool strategy.

  • Actor supervision using a OneForOne strategy.

  • Predicate message filters (receiving a message from an actor and handling it differently based on a condition).

  • Actor logging.

Actor supervision handles these scenarios
  • Invalid input folder path(s) - action: skip error and resume processing next folder.
  • Locked Word document (i.e., Word is open on a document so zip operation fails for that folder) - action: skip error and resume processing next folder.
  • Invalid backup folder path - action: stop and shut down cleanly, as nothing can be backed up.
  • Empty source folders file - action: stop and shut down cleanly since there's nothing to do.

See also What is an Actor? and Akka.NET cheat sheet.

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An Application That Backs Up Files To Cloud Storage Using Akka.NET

Cloudbackupactors Info

⭐ Stars 10
🔗 Source Code
🕒 Last Update 2 years ago
🕒 Created 5 years ago
🐞 Open Issues 0
➗ Star-Issue Ratio Infinity
😎 Author kevinmcfarlane