Digraph library Build Status

Digraph is a very simple, C++ 11 template-based, directed graph library. It is not designed to be general, but to suit the needs of the (next) Faust compiler.

It is made of two files:

  • digraph.hh the digraph class
  • digraphop.hh some operations on digraphs

Building a digraph

A digraph is a directed graph. It is composed of a set of nodes {n_1,n_2,...} and a set of connections (i.e. arrows) between these nodes {(n_i -d-> n_j),...}.

For a connection (n_i -d-> n_j), the node n_i is the source of the connection, the node n_j is the destination of the connections, and the integer d is the value of the connection. When the value is not specified its is by default 0.

The API to create a graph is very simple. You start by creating an empty graph:

digraph<char> g;

Then you add nodes and connections to the graph:


The method add() can be used to add individual nodes like in add('D') or connections add('A','B'). In this case, the involved nodes are automatically added to the graph. There is no need to add them individually.

By default the value of the connection is 0. To create a connection with a different value use: add('A','B',3). If multiple connections between two nodes are created, only the connection with the smallest value is kept.

It is also possible to add() a whole graph with all its nodes and connections. For example if g1 and g2 are two graphs, then:


Will add all the nodes and connections of g2 into g1. If multiple connections between two nodes are created, only the connection with the smallest value is kept.

Please note that the only way to modify a digraphs is by adding nodes and connections using the add() method. Digraphs are otherwise immutable, and all other transformation implies the creation of a new digraph.

Accessing nodes and connections

To access the nodes of a graph, one uses the method g.nodes(). For example to iterate over the nodes:

for (const auto& n : g.nodes()) {
    ... do something with node n ...

Once you have a node you can iterate over its connections. To access the connections of a node we use the method g.connections(n):

for (const auto& n : g.nodes()) {
    for (const auto& c : g.connections(n)) {
           ... c.first: destination node of the connection
        ... c.second: value of the connection

Algorithms and Operations on digraphs

Please note that the following operations never modify the graphs used as arguments.


A partition of a digraph into strongly connected components can be obtained using the Tarjan class, an implementation of Robert Tarjan's algorithm

Tarjan<N> t(const digraph<N>&);

The Tarjan class has essentially two methods:


The method partition() returns the partition of the graph into strongly connected components.

partition() -> set<set<N>>&

The result is a set of set on nodes. Each set of nodes represents a strongly connected component of the graph.


The method cycles() returns the number of cycles of the graph.

cycles() -> int

Number of cycles

The function cycles(mygraph) return the number of cycles of a graph. It uses internally Tarjan.

cycles(const digraph<N>&) -> int

Direct acyclic graph of graphes

The function graph2dag(mygraph) uses Tarjan to transform a graph into a direct acyclic graph (DAG):

 graph2dag(const digraph<N>&) -> digraph<digraph<N>>

The nodes of the resulting DAG are themselves graphs representing the strongly connected components of the input graph.


Provided the input graph is a DAG, the function parallelize() transforms the input graph into a sequence of parallel nodes

parallelize(const digraph<N>&) -> vector<vector<N>>


Provided the input graph is a DAG, the function serialize() transforms the input graph into a vector of nodes

serialize(const digraph<N>&) -> vector<N>

Map nodes

The function mapnodes() creates a copy of the input graph in which each node is transformed by the function f(). Existing connections in the input graph are preserved in the resulting graph.

mapnodes(const digraph<N>&, f:N->M) -> digraph<M>

Map connections

The function mapconnections() creates a copy of the input graph in which only the connections that satisfy the predicate f() are kept.

mapconnections(const digraph<N>&, f:(N,N,int)->bool) -> digraph<N>

Cut high-value connections

The function cut() creates a copy of the input graph in which all connections of value >= d are eliminated.

cut(const digraph<N>&, d) -> digraph<N>

Split graph

The function splitgraph() splits a graph G into two subgraphs L and R according to a predicate left(). The nodes satisfying the predicate are copied into L, the others into R. The connections are kept, unless they concern nodes that are not in the same subgraph.

splitgraph(const digraph<N>& G, function<bool(const N&)> left, digraph<N>& L, digraph<N>& R)


Very simple C++ directed graph library

Digraph Info

⭐ Stars 23
🔗 Source Code github.com
🕒 Last Update a year ago
🕒 Created 5 years ago
🐞 Open Issues 2
➗ Star-Issue Ratio 12
😎 Author grame-cncm