Flask Firebase Admin

Add Firebase (a Firebase Admin app) to a Flask application.

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Installation

pip install flask-firebase-admin

Quickstart

In the simplest case, let's protect a route, specifically, we'll require a user to provide a firebase jwt to one of our routes:

from flask import Flask, request
from flask_firebase_admin import FirebaseAdmin

app = Flask(__name__)
firebase = FirebaseAdmin(app)  # uses GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS

@app.route("/unprotected")
def unprotected():
    return {"message": "Hello anonymous user!"}

@app.route("/protected")
@firebase.jwt_required  # This route now requires authorization via firebase jwt
def protected():
    # By default JWT payload is stored under request.jwt_payload
    return {"message": f"Hello {request.jwt_payload['email']}!"}

if __name__ == "__main__":
    app.run(debug=True)

Assuming the code above is located in a module named app.py, start the Flask application:

GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS="/path/to/service_account.json" python app.py

And in a separate terminal window, ping the unprotected route:

$ curl http://127.0.0.1:5000/unprotected
{
  "message": "Hello anonymous user!"
}

Looks good. Now the protected route:

$ curl http://127.0.0.1:5000/protected
{
  "error": {
    "message": "No credentials provided"
  }
}

OK, makes sense. Now with some credentials:

$ TOKEN="your-firebase-token ..."
$ curl -H "Authorization: Bearer ${TOKEN}" http://127.0.0.1:5000/protected
{
  "message": "Hello <[email protected]>!"
}

Excellent. We now have a application with routes (one route) which require the user to provide their Firebase JWT to access!

Internally the jwt_required method provided by the FirebaseAdmin object calls the firebase_admin.auth.verify_id_token function which returns a dictionary of key-value pairs parsed from the decoded JWT. This dictionary is accessible via the request object provided by flask, specifically, this information is attached to the request.jwt_payload attribute by default.

Configuration

Note: The following groups of configuration parameters are mutually exclusive:

  • FIREBASE_ADMIN_APP (This config parameter takes precendence and if specified then configuration from the other group is ignored)


  • FIREBASE_ADMIN_CREDENTIAL

    FIREBASE_ADMIN_OPTIONS

    FIREBASE_ADMIN_NAME

    FIREBASE_ADMIN_RAISE_IF_APP_EXISTS

The FirebaseAdmin object can be configured in the following ways:

  • FIREBASE_ADMIN_CREDENTIAL

    Defaults to None. This is the credential passed to the call to firebase_admin.initialize_app. When this parameter is None the Firebase Admin application tries to initialize using GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS. If initializing the Firebase Admin app with the GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS environment variable is undesirebale, credentials can be created manually, for example:

    app = Flask(__name__)
    app.config["FIREBASE_ADMIN_CREDENTIAL"] = credentials.Certificate("/path/to/key.json")
    firebase = FirebaseAdmin(app)  # no longer uses GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS

    Or perhaps something like:

    app = Flask(__name__)
    cert = {
        "type": "service_account",
        "project_id": os.getenv("PROJECT_ID"),
        "private_key_id": os.getenv("PRIVATE_KEY_ID"),
        "private_key": os.getenv("PRIVATE_KEY"),
        "client_email": os.getenv("CLIENT_EMAIL"),
        "client_id": os.getenv("CLIENT_ID"),
        "auth_uri": "https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/auth",
        "token_uri": "https://oauth2.googleapis.com/token",
        "auth_provider_x509_cert_url": "https://www.googleapis.com/oauth2/v1/certs",
        "client_x509_cert_url": os.getenv("CLIENT_X509_CERT_URL"),
    }
    app.config["FIREBASE_ADMIN_CREDENTIAL"] = credentials.Certificate(cert)
    firebase = FirebaseAdmin(app)  # no longer uses GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS
  • FIREBASE_ADMIN_OPTIONS

    Defaults to None. This config is passed directly to admin.initialize_app() as the second options argument. From the Firebase Admin SDK docs: A dictionary of configuration options (optional). Supported options include databaseURL, storageBucket, projectId, databaseAuthVariableOverride, serviceAccountId and httpTimeout. If httpTimeout is not set, the SDK uses a default timeout of 120 seconds.

  • FIREBASE_ADMIN_NAME

    Defaults to '[DEFAULT]'. This config is passed directly to admin.initialize_app() as the third name argument.

  • FIREBASE_ADMIN_AUTHORIZATION_SCHEME

    Defaults to 'Bearer'. This is the authorization scheme expected by the FirebaseAdmin object. Changing this parameter changes the format of the auth header that is required by the client. For example, if we set this to 'JWT' we would then need to include an authorization header of the form: Authorization: JWT <token> when making requests to protected routes.

  • FIREBASE_ADMIN_CHECK_REVOKED

    Defaults to True. This parameter is passed as the check_revoked argument in the call to firebase_admin.auth.verify_id_token().

  • FIREBASE_ADMIN_PAYLOAD_ATTR

    Defaults to 'jwt_payload'. This is attribute on the flask request object from which we can access the JWT payload data. If we were to change this to, say, 'jwt' we would then access the JWT payload using request.jwt

  • FIREBASE_ADMIN_RAISE_IF_APP_EXISTS

    Defaults to True. Internally, flask-firebase-admin calls admin.initialize_app(), if the app with the configured name already exists the Firebase Admin SDK raises a ValueError exception. When this config variable is set to False, flask-firebase-admin will catch this error, get, and subsequently use the existing admin app by the given name.

  • FIREBASE_ADMIN_APP

    Defaults to None. This is a way to explicity provided the FirebaseAdmin extension with a particular firebase admin app to use. For example:

    import firebase_admin
    from flask import Flask
    from flask_firebase_admin import FirebaseAdmin
    
    # elsewhere ...
    default_admin_app = firebase_admin.initialize_app()
    other_admin_app = firebase_admin.initialize_app(other_creds, other_options, other_name)
    
    # then ...
    app = Flask(__name__)
    app.config["FIREBASE_ADMIN_APP"] = other_admin_app
    
    # now firebase.jwt_required will use other_admin_app for authentication
    firebase = FirebaseAdmin(app)

An example using more of the available configuration:

from flask import Flask, request
from firebase_admin import credentials
from flask_firebase_admin import FirebaseAdmin

app = Flask(__name__)
app.config["FIREBASE_ADMIN_CREDENTIAL"] = credentials.Certificate("/path/to/key.json")
app.config["FIREBASE_ADMIN_AUTHORIZATION_SCHEME"] = "JWT"
app.config["FIREBASE_ADMIN_CHECK_REVOKED"] = False  # don't check for revoked tokens
app.config["FIREBASE_ADMIN_PAYLOAD_ATTR"] = "firebase_jwt"

# initialized with credentials defined above, not GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS
firebase = FirebaseAdmin(app)

@app.route("/unprotected")
def unprotected():
    return {"message": "Hello anonymous user!"}

@app.route("/protected")
@firebase.jwt_required  # This route now requires authorization via firebase jwt
def protected():
    # we now access the JWT payload using request.firebase_jwt
    return {"message": f"Hello {request.firebase_jwt['email']}!"}

if __name__ == "__main__":
    app.run(debug=True)

To call the /protected route we have to update our auth header that we sent originally:

$ TOKEN="your-firebase-token ..."
$ curl -H "Authorization: JWT ${TOKEN}" http://127.0.0.1:5000/protected
{
  "message": "Hello <[email protected]>!"
}

Extras

For convenience, the modules in the firebase_admin package are aliased as class-level attributes on the FirebaseAdmin object. For example:

from flask import Flask
from flask_firebase_admin import FirebaseAdmin

app = Flask(__name__)
firebase = FirebaseAdmin(app)
db = firebase.firestore.client()  # <-- connect firestore client

@app.route("/unprotected")
def unprotected():
    return {"message": "Hello anonymous user!"}

@app.route("/protected")
@firebase.jwt_required
def protected():
    # do stuff in firestore using the db object defined above.
    ...

if __name__ == "__main__":
    app.run(debug=True)

Contributing

  1. Have or install a recent version of poetry (version >= 1.1)
  2. Fork the repo
  3. Setup a virtual environment (however you prefer)
  4. Run poetry install
  5. Run pre-commit install
  6. Add your changes (adding/updating tests is always nice too)
  7. Commit your changes + push to your fork
  8. Open a PR

Flask Firebase Admin

Add Firebase (a Firebase Admin app) to a Flask application

Flask Firebase Admin Info

⭐ Stars 17
🔗 Source Code github.com
🕒 Last Update 6 months ago
🕒 Created 2 years ago
🐞 Open Issues 0
➗ Star-Issue Ratio Infinity
😎 Author andrewrosss