Buildkite On-Demand

Schedule single-shot Buildkite Agents, on-demand, on ECS.

Buildkite On-Demand is an event driven Buildkite Agent scheduler. Built on the Buildkite AWS EventBridge integration, containerised Buildkite Agents are scheduled using Amazon Elastic Container Service to run on AWS Fargate or EC2. An agent is created for each build and exits immediately on completion. There are no polling agents, you only pay for the compute platform you use.

This repository contains resources and documentation to help you configure an AWS account to schedule and run agents for your Buildkite Organization in response to builds.

Set-up Instructions

Before deploying Buildkite On-Demand to your AWS account, configure the Amazon EventBridge integration between your Buildkite and AWS accounts. See the Buildkite Documentation for how to do this.

It is best practice to run your continuous integration in a separate AWS account. Consider creating a new AWS account in your AWS Organization for the EventBridge integration.

Once you have associated your Buildkite Partner Event Source with an Amazon EventBridge bus, you are ready to deploy the on-demand stack to your AWS Account. You can deploy this stack using the AWS CloudFormation Console in a browser or the AWS CLI in your terminal.

Deploy using the AWS CloudFormation web console

Launch AWS Stack

The CloudFormation console will ask you for values for the following parameters:

  • Stack Name: Must be unique per account per region. Use something descriptive, the default value of buildkite-on-demand is fine.
  • Parameter BuildkiteAgentToken: A Buildkite Agent Registration token for this deployment to use. This will be stored in a String type AWS SSM Parameter. See the Buildkite Agent Tokens Documentation for details.
  • Parameter BuildkiteQueue: The name of the Buildkite queue this stack will service. You will use this queue name in your Buildkite Pipeline Agent Query rules e.g. queue=my-queue-name.
  • Parameter EventBridgeBusName: The name of an Amazon EventBridge Bus associated with a Buildkite Partner Event source NB ensure you provide the name of the EventBus name not the EventBus ARN.
  • Parameter VpcSubnetIds: Optional, a comma separated list of VPC subnet IDs to schedule agents in. If left blank the default simple VPC, suitable for most use cases, will be created automatically.

When creating the stack you will need to check the option to acknowledge that the stack creates custom IAM roles.

Deploy using the AWS Serverless Application Model command line interface

The AWS SAM CLI is an extension of the AWS CLI that will auto-upload any substacks before applying your template. See the Amazon documentation for help installing the AWS SAM CLI. These instructions were written using SAM Version 0.47.0.

$ sam deploy --guided --template-file template/template.yml

This command will package and deploy the on-demand template to your AWS account, and present you with a series of prompts:

  • Stack Name: The name of the CloudFormation stack to deploy. This should be unique to your account and region, something like buildkite-on-demand. You will use this stack name when updating your template in the future.
  • AWS Region: The AWS region you want to deploy your on-demand agents to. Buildkite On-Demand can be deployed to multiple regions allowing you to target specific regions using Buildkite Agent Query Rules.
  • Parameter EventBridgeBusName: The name of the Amazon EventBridge Bus associated with a Buildkite Partner Event source NB you provide the name of the EventBus name not the EventBus ARN.
  • Parameter BuildkiteQueue: The name of the Buildkite queue this stack will service. You will use this queue name in your Buildkite Pipeline Agent Query rules e.g. queue=my-queue-name.
  • Parameter BuildkiteAgentToken: A Buildkite Agent Registration token for this deployment to use. This will be stored in a String type AWS SSM Parameter. See the Buildkite Agent Tokens Documentation for details.
  • Parameter VpcSubnetIds: Optional, a comma separated list of VPC subnet IDs to schedule agents in. If left blank the default simple VPC, suitable for most use cases, will be created automatically.
  • Confirm changes before deploy: If set to yes, any change sets will be shown to you before execution for manual review. If set to no, the AWS SAM CLI will automatically deploy changes.
  • Allow SAM CLI IAM role creation: You must answer no to this prompt to customise the capabilities.
  • Capabilities [['CAPABILITY_IAM']]: Enter CAPABILITY_IAM CAPABILITY_AUTO_EXPAND to grant permission to create IAM roles and use the CloudFormation Macro to transform the agent substack.
  • Save arguments to samconfig.toml: Set to yes so your choices are saved to a configuration file inside the project. In the future you can just re-run sam deploy without parameters to deploy changes.

Using ECS EC2 instead of ECS Fargate

The default on-demand template uses ECS Fargate for a simple experience, with fewer resources to operate and secure. A variant of the template that uses ECS EC2 is also available. You can launch this stack directly, though you will very likely need to fork it to suit your requirements.

You might want to use ECS EC2 for:

  • control over the ECS cluster autoscaling to match your workload, scale up or down on a fixed schedule, or pay for a minimum number of instances to be present all the time
  • access to larger and differentiated instances that Fargate doesn't offer
  • control over Docker image caching for lower latency agent start times
  • access to the host's Docker socket
  • the latest EC2 features not yet available on Fargate

Modular Design

The default On-Demand template combines several components to give you a simple off the shelf experience. If you want to customise how these components are combined, you can fork the template repository.

The default template includes:

  • A simple VPC with two public subnets and an Internet Gateway.
    • You can override this behaviour by providing a comma separated list of VPC Subnet IDs in the optional VpcSubnetIds parameter.
    • For more complex VPC designs or you may want to swap out the entire VPC substack with something of your own design, or !ImportValue from an existing VPC CloudFormation stack.
  • A String SSM Parameter for your Buildkite Agent Registration Token.
    • CloudFormation cannot currently create SecureString parameters, if you want to store this token securely you can create it yourself and pass a different parameter path to the agent-scheduler stack.
  • An agents substack and CloudFormation Macro.
    • Using a substack to define your agent task definitions and task roles ensures your infrastructure is continuously deployable. The CloudFormation Macro makes writing these task definitions easy. This component is entirely optional, you can also create your task definitions manually or using the technology stack you are most comfortable with.

Subprojects

agent-scheduler

agent-scheduler is an AWS SAM project which configures the AWS resources needed to respond to Amazon EventBridge events from Buildkite and schedule agents on ECS.

agent-composer

agent-composer is a collection of AWS CloudFormation templates to help create ECS Task Definitions that can be scheduled on-demand by agent-scheduler.

agent-composer/transform

agent-composer/transform is an AWS CloudFormation Macro that makes writing Buildkite Agent AWS::ECS::TaskDefinitions simple.

template

template is a git submodule for buildkite/on-demand-template. This is a template repository so forks are disconnected from this repository.

On Demand

CloudFormation resources for scheduling On-Demand Buildkite Agents with AWS ECS and AWS Fargate

On Demand Info

⭐ Stars 10
🔗 Source Code github.com
🕒 Last Update 9 months ago
🕒 Created a year ago
🐞 Open Issues 9
➗ Star-Issue Ratio 1
😎 Author buildkite