u-test

License

u-test is a sane and simple unit testing framework for Lua. It has all essential unit test framework features: defining test cases, test suites, set of build-in assertions, configurable tests output, protected calls and etc.

Top features that are not present in other lua test frameworks

  1. Nice command line interface (like gtest).
  2. Backtrace in failed assertions.
  3. Ordered test execution (as written in source file).
  4. Support 5.1/5.2/5.3 and LuaJIT.
  5. Select particular tests with regexp.

How to install

GitHub

Just copy u-test.lua to your projct or add this repo as submodule.

$ git clone git://github.com/iudalov/u-test

LuaRocks

Just run:

$ luarocks install u-test

How to use

local test = require 'u-test'

-- You can use 'assert' to check invariants.
test.hello_world = function ()
    test.assert(true)
    test.assert(1 ~= 2)
end

-- This is how you can create your first test case
test.addition = function ()
    test.equal(1 + 1, 2)
    test.not_equal("1 + 1", "2")
    test.almost_equal(1 + 1, 2.1, 0.2)
end

-- You can enable custom start_up and tear_down actions
-- Thse actions will be invoked:
-- start_up - before test case
-- tear_down - after test case
local global_state = 0
test.start_up = function () global_state = 1 end
test.tear_down = function () global_state = 0 end

test.dummy1 = function()
    test.equal(global_state, 1)
    test.is_number(global_state)
end

-- You can separate tests by test suites
test.string.format = function ()
    test.equal(string.format("%d + %d", 1, 1), "1 + 1")
    test.not_equal(string.format("Sparky %s", "bark"), "Fluffy bark")
end

test.string.find = function ()
    test.is_nil(string.find("u-test", "banana"))
    test.is_not_nil(string.find("u-test", "u"))
end

-- You can declare test case with parameters
test.string.starts_with = function (str, prefix)
    test.equal(string.find(str, prefix), 1)
end

-- Then, run it with multiple parameters
test.string.starts_with("Lua rocks", "Lua")
test.string.starts_with("Wow", "Wow")

local global_table = {}

-- Each test suite can be customized by start_up and tear_down
test.table.start_up = function ()
    global_table = { 1, 2, "three", 4, "five" }
end
test.table.tear_down = function ()
    global_table = {}
end

test.table.concat = function ()
    test.equal(table.concat(global_table, ", "), "1, 2, three, 4, five")
end

-- you can disable broken test case like this
test.broken.skip = true
test.broken.bad_case = function ()
    test.equal(1, 2)
    there_is_no_such_function()
end

-- obtain total number of tests and numer of failed tests
local ntests, nfailed = test.result()

-- this code prints tests summary and invokes os.exit with 0 or 1
test.summary()

Output

List of all assertions

test.assert(true)
test.equal(1, 1)
test.not_equal(1, 2)
test.is_false(false)
test.is_true(true)
test.is_not_nil("Something")
test.is_nil(nil)
test.is_boolean(true)
test.is_boolean(false)
test.is_string("I am string! look at me!")
test.is_number(3)
test.is_table({"I am table now"})
test.is_function(function () end)
test.is_userdata(userdata_value)
test.error_raised(function() error("error 10") end, "error 10")

Custom assertions

local function is_elephant(animal)
    if animal ~= "elephant" then
        local failure_msg = "Expected elephant, but got "..tostring(animal)
        return false, msg
    end

    return true
end

test.register_assert("is_elephant", is_elephant)

test.is_elephant("dolphin") -- fails!

U Test

Sane and simple unit testing framework for Lua

U Test Info

⭐ Stars60
🔗 Source Codegithub.com
🕒 Last Updatea year ago
🕒 Created6 years ago
🐞 Open Issues3
➗ Star-Issue Ratio20
😎 AuthorIUdalov