Verify

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Verify is a snapshot tool that simplifies the assertion of complex data models and documents.

Verify is called on the test result during the assertion phase. It serializes that result and stores it in a file that matches the test name. On the next test execution, the result is again serialized and compared to the existing file. The test will fail if the two snapshots do not match: either the change is unexpected, or the reference snapshot needs to be updated to the new result.


Part of the .NET Foundation

NuGet packages

Snapshot management

Accepting or declining a snapshot file is part of the core workflow of Verify. There are several ways to do this and the approach(s) selected is a personal preference.

  • In the Windows Tray via DiffEngineTray
  • ReSharper test runner support
  • Rider test runner support
  • Via the clipboard.
  • Manually making the change in the launched diff tool. Either with a copy paste, or some tools have commands to automate this via a shortcut or a button.
  • Manually on the file system. By renaming the .received. file to .verified.. This can be automated via a scripted to bulk accept all (by matching a pattern) .received. files.

Usage

All examples use ImplicitUsings. Ensure the following is set to have examples compile correctly <ImplicitUsings>enable</ImplicitUsings>

Class being tested

Given a class to be tested:

public static class ClassBeingTested
{
    public static Person FindPerson()
    {
        return new()
        {
            Id = new("ebced679-45d3-4653-8791-3d969c4a986c"),
            Title = Title.Mr,
            GivenNames = "John",
            FamilyName = "Smith",
            Spouse = "Jill",
            Children = new()
            {
                "Sam",
                "Mary"
            },
            Address = new()
            {
                Street = "4 Puddle Lane",
                Country = "USA"
            }
        };
    }
}

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xUnit

Support for xUnit

[UsesVerify]
public class Sample
{
    [Fact]
    public Task Test()
    {
        var person = ClassBeingTested.FindPerson();
        return Verify(person);
    }
}

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NUnit

Support for NUnit

[TestFixture]
public class Sample
{
    [Test]
    public Task Test()
    {
        var person = ClassBeingTested.FindPerson();
        return Verify(person);
    }
}

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Expecto

Support for Expecto

open Expecto
open VerifyTests
open VerifyExpecto

[<Tests>]
let tests =
  testTask "findPerson" {
    let person = ClassBeingTested.FindPerson();
    do! Verifier.Verify("findPerson", person)
  }

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Caveats

Due to the nature of the Expecto implementation, the following APIs in Verify are not supported.

  • settings.UseTypeName()
  • settings.UseMethodName()
  • settings.UseParameters()
  • settings.UseTextForParameters()

Instead use a custom name parameter.

MSTest

Support for MSTest

[TestClass]
public class Sample :
    VerifyBase
{
    [TestMethod]
    public Task Test()
    {
        var person = ClassBeingTested.FindPerson();
        return Verify(person);
    }
}

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Initial Verification

When the test is initially run will fail with:

First verification. Sample.Test.verified.txt not found.
Verification command has been copied to the clipboard.

The clipboard will contain the following:

cmd /c move /Y "C:\Code\Sample\Sample.Test.received.txt" "C:\Code\Sample\Sample.Test.verified.txt"

Notes:

If a Diff Tool is detected it will display the diff:

InitialDiff

To verify the result:

  • Execute the command from the clipboard, or
  • Use the diff tool to accept the changes, or
  • Manually copy the text to the new file

Verified result

This will result in the Sample.Test.verified.txt being created:

{
  GivenNames: John,
  FamilyName: Smith,
  Spouse: Jill,
  Address: {
    Street: 4 Puddle Lane,
    Country: USA
  },
  Children: [
    Sam,
    Mary
  ],
  Id: Guid_1
}

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Subsequent Verification

If the implementation of ClassBeingTested changes:

public static class ClassBeingTested
{
    public static Person FindPerson()
    {
        return new()
        {
            Id = new("ebced679-45d3-4653-8791-3d969c4a986c"),
            Title = Title.Mr,
            // Middle name added
            GivenNames = "John James",
            FamilyName = "Smith",
            Spouse = "Jill",
            Children = new()
            {
                "Sam",
                "Mary"
            },
            Address = new()
            {
                // Address changed
                Street = "64 Barnett Street",
                Country = "USA"
            }
        };
    }
}

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And the test is re run it will fail with

Verification command has been copied to the clipboard.
Assert.Equal() Failure
                                  ↓ (pos 21)
Expected: ···\n  GivenNames: 'John',\n  FamilyName: 'Smith',\n  Spouse: 'Jill···
Actual:   ···\n  GivenNames: 'John James',\n  FamilyName: 'Smith',\n  Spouse:···
                                  ↑ (pos 21)

The clipboard will again contain the following:

cmd /c move /Y "C:\Code\Sample\Sample.Test.received.txt" "C:\Code\Sample\Sample.Test.verified.txt"

See also: Clipboard

The Diff Tool will display the diff:

SecondDiff

The same approach can be used to verify the results and the change to Sample.Test.verified.txt is committed to source control along with the change to ClassBeingTested.

VerifyJson

VerifyJson performs the following actions

  • Convert to JToken (if necessary).
  • Apply ignore member by name for keys.
  • PrettyPrint the resulting text.

[Fact]
public Task VerifyJsonString()
{
    var json = "{'key': {'msg': 'No action taken'}}";
    return VerifyJson(json);
}

[Fact]
public Task VerifyJsonStream()
{
    var json = "{'key': {'msg': 'No action taken'}}";
    var stream = new MemoryStream(Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(json));
    return VerifyJson(stream);
}

[Fact]
public Task VerifyJsonJToken()
{
    var json = "{'key': {'msg': 'No action taken'}}";
    var target = JToken.Parse(json);
    return VerifyJson(target);
}

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Results in:

{
  key: {
    msg: No action taken
  }
}

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Received and Verified

  • All *.verified.* files should be committed to source control.
  • All *.received.* files should be excluded from source control.

Static settings

Most settings are available at the both global level and at the instance level.

When modifying settings at the both global level it should be done using a Module Initializer:

[UsesVerify]
public class StaticSettings
{
    [Fact]
    public Task Test()
    {
        return Verify("String to verify");
    }
}

public static class StaticSettingsUsage
{
    [ModuleInitializer]
    public static void Initialize()
    {
        VerifierSettings.AddScrubber(_ => _.Replace("String to verify", "new value"));
    }
}

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Versioning

Verify follows Semantic Versioning. The same applies for extensions to Verify. Small changes in the resulting snapshot files may be deployed in a minor version. As such nuget updates to Verify.* should be done as follows:

  • Updates all Verify.*packages in isolation
  • Re-run all tests.
  • If there are changes, ensure they look correct given the release notes. If the changes do not look correct, raise an issue.
  • Accept those changes.

Snapshot changes do not trigger a major version change to avoid causing Diamond dependency issues for downstream extensions.

Media

Extensions

More Documentation

  • Clipboard
  • Compared to assertions
  • Verify options
  • Serializer Settings
  • File naming
  • Parameterised tests
  • Named Tuples
  • Scrubbers
  • Diff Engine
  • Diff Tools
  • Diff Tool Order
  • Custom Diff Tool
  • Using anonymous types
  • Verifying binary data
  • Build server
  • Comparers
  • Converters
  • FSharp Usage
  • Compared to ApprovalTests

Alternatives

Projects/tools that may be a better alternative to Verify

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Verify

Verify is a snapshot tool that simplifies the assertion of complex data models and documents.

Verify Info

⭐ Stars 877
🔗 Source Code github.com
🕒 Last Update 8 months ago
🕒 Created 3 years ago
🐞 Open Issues 3
➗ Star-Issue Ratio 292
😎 Author VerifyTests