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waflz

A multitenant ModSecurity compatible WAF engine. Docs

Table of Contents

Background

An implementation of a WAF engine in c/c++ supporting processing a subset of ModSecurity rules functionalties, configurable with either json or ModSecurity rules. waflz is optimized to support running many WAF profiles side by side, by using faster/smaller internal data types and sharing common ruleset data between the profiles -ie if multiple WAF profiles refer to the same ruleset(s), the ruleset(s) are loaded only once for all and shared in memory.

Rationale

The VDMS global edge platform is a multitenant CDN supporting our hundreds of thousands individual customer configurations from any given location. The VDMS WAF supports running OWASP Core Rulesets as well as some third-party rulesets. The performance and resource allocation of any given customer configuration has the potential of impacting others -ie eventually all configurations live in memory on a physical server in a "Point of Presence" (POP) in a datacenter. It was important then to the VDMS CDN the WAF be as high performant, memory constrained, and deterministic as possible.

Capabilities

The open source standard implementation of the ModSecurity Rules Engine -while excellent, and extremely flexible for individuals' use-cases, could be problematic in a CDN, where performance is the product. Several ModSecurity capabilities eg SecRemoteRules and inspectFile, were intentionally ommitted, due to potential performance impacts in a multitenant environment. A list of currently supported variables, operators and transforms are listed in the capabilities section of the docs

Building

Ubuntu (18.04/20.04)

Package Requirements

$ sudo apt-get install -y libssl-dev libpcre3-dev libxml2-dev libicu-dev protobuf-compiler libprotobuf-dev liblzma-dev python3-pip

Python Package Requirements

$ pip3 install -r requirements.txt

Build

This script will build, run tests, and create packages

$ ./build.sh

Install (optional)

cd ./build
sudo make install

OS X

Package Requirements (with Homebrew)

$ brew install cmake openssl protobuf libxml2 pcre dpkg

Python Package Requirements

$ pip3 install -r requirements.txt

Build

$ ./build.sh

Running Tests

$ cd ./build
$ make test

Source Code Layout

The waflz root directory contains this README, the build.sh script which automates building/testing/packaging, and other files related to CI/CD.

Inside the root are the following important directories:

  • docs: Contains everything necessary to generate documentation. Changes should be made inside the source subdirectory.
  • ext: External libraries that are compiled and used by waflz
  • include/waflz: The core C/C++ header files
  • proto: The Protocol Buffer definition files used by waflz
  • src: The core C/C++ source files, organized by functionality
  • sub: Contains the submodules used by waflz
  • tests: Contains the waflz test suite, which includes blackbox, whitebox, and stress testing
  • util: Utility applications that are useful for testing and validation of the waflz library

Usage

Running standalone waflz_server for testing WAF rules

$ cat rule.conf
  SecRule &REQUEST_HEADERS:Host "@eq 0" \
        "phase:2,\
        rev:'2',\
        ver:'OWASP_CRS/2.2.9',\
        t:none,block,\
        msg:'Request Missing a Host Header',\
        id:'960008',\
        severity:'4',\
        setvar:'tx.msg=%{rule.msg}',\
        setvar:tx.anomaly_score=+%{tx.warning_anomaly_score},\
        setvar:tx.%{rule.id}-OWASP_CRS/PROTOCOL_VIOLATION/MISSING_HEADER-%{matched_var_name}=%{matched_var}"

$ ./build/util/waflz_server/waflz_server --modsecurity=rule.conf

curl'ing waflz_server

$ curl -s "http://localhost:12345/index.html" -H"Host:" | jq '.'
{
  "matched_var": {
    "name": "REQUEST_HEADERS",
    "value": "MA=="
  },
  "rule_msg": "Inbound Anomaly Score Exceeded (Total Score: 3): Last Matched Message: Request Missing a Host Header",
  "rule_op_name": "gt",
  "rule_op_param": "0",
  "rule_tag": [
    "OWASP_CRS/ANOMALY/EXCEEDED"
  ],
  "rule_target": [
    {
      "name": "TX",
      "param": "ANOMALY_SCORE"
    }
  ],
  "sub_event": [
    {
      "matched_var": {
        "name": "REQUEST_HEADERS",
        "value": "MA=="
      },
      "rule_id": 960008,
      "rule_intercept_status": 403,
      "rule_msg": "Request Missing a Host Header",
      "rule_op_name": "EQ",
      "rule_op_param": "0",
      "rule_target": [
        {
          "is_counting": true,
          "name": "REQUEST_HEADERS",
          "param": "Host"
        }
      ],
      "total_anomaly_score": 3,
      "waf_profile_id": "__na__",
      "waf_profile_name": "__na__"
    }
  ],
  "total_anomaly_score": 3,
  "waf_profile_id": "__na__",
  "waf_profile_name": "__na__"
}

Contribute

  • We welcome issues, questions and pull requests.

License

This project is licensed under the terms of the Apache 2.0 open source license. Please refer to the LICENSE-2.0.txt file for the full terms.

Waflz

multitenant ModSecurity compatible WAF engine from Edgecast

Waflz Info

⭐ Stars61
πŸ”— Source Codegithub.com
πŸ•’ Last Update10 months ago
πŸ•’ Created4 years ago
🐞 Open Issues1
βž— Star-Issue Ratio61
😎 AuthorEdgeCast